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Xinhua Headlines Archaeological fdgs provide key proof of Ch
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   --ChinesearchaeologistsannouncedsignificantachievementsattheShuanghuaishusiteincentralChinasHenanProvince,providingkeyproofoftheoriginoftheover5,000-year-longChinesecivilization.--,theShuanghuaishusite,datingbacktoaround5,300years,islocatedonthesouthbankoftheYellowRiverinthetownshipofHeluo,GongyiCity,andwasproposedtobenamed"Heluokingdom."--AlargenumberofrelicsoftheYangshaoCulturedatingback5,000to7,,WangDing,GuiJuan,ShuangRuiZHENGZHOU,May7(Xinhua)--ChinesearchaeologistsannouncedThursdaysignificantachievementsattheShuanghuaishusiteincentralChinasHenanProvince,providingkeyproofoftheoriginoftheover5,,theShuanghuaishusiteislocatedonthesouthbankoftheYellowRiverinthetownshipofHeluo,,300yearsagowasproposedbyChinesearchaeologiststobenamed"Heluokingdom"afteritslocationinthecenteroftheHeluoarea,wheretheYellowRiver(knownasHeinancientChina)andtheLuoheRivermeet."TheShuanghuaishusiteisthehighest-standardclusterwiththenatureofacapitalcitydiscoveredsofarintheYellowRiverbasininthemiddleandlatestageofYangshaoCulture,theearlystageoftheformationofChinesecivilization,"saidLiBoqian,aprofessoratPekingUniversity,atapressconferenceonmajorarchaeologicaldiscoveriesatShuanghuaishusiteheldThursdayinZhengzhou,,000to7,000yearshavebeendiscoveredatthesite,saidGuWanfa,directoroftheZhengzhouMunicipalResearchInstituteofCulturalRelicsandArchaeology,atthepressconference."TheimportantarchaeologicalfindingsprovidekeyproofoftheoriginofChinesecivilization,andalsoprovetherepresentativenessandinfluenceoftheHeluoareainthegoldenstageoftheoriginofChinesecivilizationaround5,300yearsago,"saidWangWei,,theZhengzhouMunicipalResearchInstituteofCulturalRelicsandArchaeologyandtheInstituteofArchaeologyoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSc,theShuanghuaishusitewasabout1,cess,,threepubliccemeterieswithmorethan1,700tombs,threesacrificialremains,anastronomicalrelic,apotteryworkshoparea,awaterstoragearea,aroadsystem,andotherfacilitieswerealsodiscoveredatthecityruins."TheShuanghuaishusitewasawell-selectedandscientificallyplannedsettlementsite,"saidWang."Basedonthegeographicallocationandscale,itsalsotheonlylarge-scalecitysettlementdiscoveredsofarintheYellowRiverbasinfromthemiddleandlatestageofYangshaoCulture,"smajortradeitems."Themulberry-growingandsilkworm-raisingculturewasanimportantcomponentofChinesecivilization,",aboartuskcarvingofasilkworm,,,wasbelievedtobeChinailartomodernsilkwormsinappearance."ThespinningshapeofthecarvingsuggeststhatancientChinesepeoplewerefamiliarwiththehabitsofsilkworms,"taisite,archaeologistssaidtheyaresolidevidencetoprovethattheancientChineseintheYellowRiverbasinbeganraisingsilkwormsandsilkproductionaround5,300yearsago."ExceptShuanghuaishuanditssurroundingsettlementsites,therewerenodefinitediscoveriesfromaround5,300yearsagorelatedtothesilktextileindustryinotherpartsofthecountry,"saidLi."Inthatsense,theyaretheearliestrepresentativesinthedevelopmenthistoryofChinesemulberrycultivationandsilkworm-rearingculture."Meanwhile,attheastronomicalrelicatShuanghuaishu,ninepotterypotswerearrangedinthepatternoftheninestarsoftheBigDipper,whichshowsthattheancestorsofHeluohadrelativelymatureastronomicalknowledge."Therelicalsoindicatestheworshipofthecelestialbodymayhaveformedagrandsacrificialceremonyforobservingthesolartermsandprayingforagoodharvest,"ialremainsconstituteawhole,whichisconsistentwiththerecordsofwintersolsticesacrificesinancientChinesedocuments."ItisofgreatsignificancetothestudyofearlyChineseastronomyandtheoriginofChinesecivilization,"addedGu.■。

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